Stonehenge is the mysterious formation of giant rocks found in Wiltshire, England. The first finding of the stones dates back to the 17th century, but over the years the knowledge of where they came from has disappeared. It is believed the stones actually date back to the prehistoric era, but who put them there, and why?
For many centuries, people have been wondering where these rocks came from and how they got there. When it was discovered in the 17th century, it was believed that it had been built as a place of worship for druids, who were high priests of the Celtics. After finding primitive graves at the site, it was presumed that it was a place of burial and ceremony.
The structure was so complex for the time it was built, experts believe it took approximately 1,500 years to complete. There are around 100 massive stones, standing upright in a circular formation. Many historians agree it was a burial site, but how it was made without the modern invention of the wheel leaves people baffled.
It is believed the trenches for the stones were built using deer antlers as shovels around 5,000 years ago. After the trenches were dug, it was not until several hundred years later the huge stones were dragged to the site. It is estimated that work continued on the site until around 1,600 BCE, with several of the stones having been repositioned during that time.
Who built it?
Legend has it that Stonehenge was actually built by Merlin the wizard. Geoffrey of Monmouth, who penned the legendary tale of King Arthur, wrote in the 12th century that the famous wizard was responsible for Stonehenge being created. A later story that emerged in the 17th century was that it had been built by Celtic druids, but this has been proven to be incorrect. Thanks to modern technological advancements, radiocarbon dating puts the stones in the area some 1,000 years before the Celts arrived.
Assessing the remains
Some of the remains found in the graves have been examined, and the results are surprising.
Experts believe the remains found at Stonehenge belonged to people of high status and they had traveled some distance to be there. This supports the idea that it was a burial site for some society of people. The rocks were tested and believed to have been dragged hundreds of miles from neighboring Wales to the Wiltshire field.
Some experts believe the stones were once located in Wales in a similar formation, but the entire site was transported to England. The research has proven that not everyone was tied to the land due to agriculture and that some members of the ancient society were very well traveled. The people involved in the building of Stonehenge were believed to have ties to the area. Experts who tested the remains of over 25 people in the area still believe Stonehenge was built by those living there as a burial monument.